UK Fish Species: A Comprehensive Guide

Introduction

Salam Sobat Penurut! If you’re a fishing enthusiast, you know that the UK has an abundance of fish species that are worth catching. From the Atlantic salmon to the common carp, the UK waters are home to a diverse range of fish. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the different fish species found in the UK, their characteristics, and where you can find them. So, grab your fishing gear and let’s dive into the world of UK fish!

What are Fish Species?

Before we dive into the different fish species found in the UK, let’s define what fish species are. Fish species refer to a specific type of fish that share similar characteristics such as physical appearance, behavior, and habitat. Each fish species has its own set of unique features that distinguish it from other types of fish.

Why is Knowing UK Fish Species Important?

Knowing the different fish species found in the UK is essential for any angler. It helps you to identify the type of fish you’re catching, their behavior, and the best techniques to use. Additionally, it’s crucial for conservation purposes as it helps to prevent overfishing and protect endangered fish species.

The Common UK Fish Species Table

Fish Species Scientific Name Size Habitat Diet Best Time to Catch
Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar Up to 1.5m Rivers and Estuaries Insects, Crustaceans, and Small Fish Spring and Autumn
Brown Trout Salmo trutta Up to 60cm Rivers, Streams, and Lakes Insects, Fish, and Crustaceans Spring and Summer
Common Carp Cyprinus carpio Up to 1m Lakes, Ponds, and Rivers Plants, Insects, and Crustaceans Summer and Autumn
Perch Perca fluviatilis Up to 50cm Rivers, Canals, and Ponds Fish, Insects, and Crustaceans Spring and Summer
Pike Esox lucius Up to 1.5m Rivers, Lakes, and Canals Fish, Insects, and Crustaceans Autumn and Winter
Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Up to 80cm Rivers and Lakes Insects, Fish, and Crustaceans Spring and Autumn
Roach Rutilus rutilus Up to 50cm Rivers, Lakes, and Ponds Algae, Plants, and Insects Spring and Autumn
Sea Bass Dicentrarchus labrax Up to 1m Coastal Waters and Estuaries Crustaceans, Fish, and Squid Summer and Autumn

The Different UK Fish Species

1. Atlantic Salmon

Atlantic salmon are one of the most prized fish species in the UK. They are known for their silver scales and pink flesh, which is high in omega-3 fatty acids. Atlantic salmon are found in rivers and estuaries across the UK, and they can grow up to 1.5 meters in length and weigh up to 30kg. The best time to catch Atlantic salmon is in spring and autumn when they are migrating upstream to spawn.

Characteristics of Atlantic Salmon

  • Color: Silver with Black Spots
  • Size: Up to 1.5 Meters
  • Diet: Insects, Crustaceans, and Small Fish
  • Habitat: Rivers and Estuaries
  • Behavior: Migratory

Where to Catch Atlantic Salmon

Atlantic salmon are found in rivers and estuaries across the UK. Some of the best places to catch them include the River Tweed in Scotland, the River Tyne in Northumberland, and the River Wye in Wales.

Techniques for Catching Atlantic Salmon

The best techniques for catching Atlantic salmon include fly fishing, spin fishing, and bait fishing. When fly fishing for salmon, you should use large, brightly colored flies that mimic the fish’s natural prey. Spin fishing involves using a spinning rod and reel with a lure or spinner attached to the end of the line. Bait fishing involves using live or dead bait, such as worms or small fish, to attract the salmon.

2. Brown Trout

Brown trout are a popular fish species in the UK. They are found in rivers, streams, and lakes across the country and can grow up to 60cm in length. Brown trout have a brownish-green color with black and red spots. They are known for their aggressive behavior and can be caught using a variety of different techniques.

Characteristics of Brown Trout

  • Color: Brownish-green with Black and Red Spots
  • Size: Up to 60cm
  • Diet: Insects, Fish, and Crustaceans
  • Habitat: Rivers, Streams, and Lakes
  • Behavior: Aggressive

Where to Catch Brown Trout

Brown trout are found in rivers, streams, and lakes across the UK. Some of the best places to catch them include the River Test in Hampshire, the River Wye in Wales, and the Lake District in Cumbria.

Techniques for Catching Brown Trout

The best techniques for catching brown trout include fly fishing, spin fishing, and bait fishing. When fly fishing for brown trout, you should use small, natural-looking flies that mimic the fish’s natural prey. Spin fishing involves using a spinning rod and reel with a lure or spinner attached to the end of the line. Bait fishing involves using live or dead bait, such as worms or small fish, to attract the trout.

3. Common Carp

Common carp are one of the largest fish species found in the UK. They can grow up to 1 meter in length and weigh up to 40kg. Common carp are found in lakes, ponds, and rivers across the country and are known for their strong fighting ability. They are omnivores and eat a variety of different foods, including plants, insects, and crustaceans.

Characteristics of Common Carp

  • Color: Brownish-green with Gold Scales
  • Size: Up to 1 Meter
  • Diet: Plants, Insects, and Crustaceans
  • Habitat: Lakes, Ponds, and Rivers
  • Behavior: Bottom Feeders

Where to Catch Common Carp

Common carp are found in lakes, ponds, and rivers across the UK. Some of the best places to catch them include Wraysbury Lake in Berkshire, the River Trent in Nottinghamshire, and the River Thames in Oxfordshire.

Techniques for Catching Common Carp

The best techniques for catching common carp include ledgering, float fishing, and bait fishing. Ledgering involves placing a weight on the end of the line and casting the baited hook out into the water. Float fishing involves using a float to suspend the bait at a specific depth in the water. Bait fishing involves using a variety of different baits, including boilies, pellets, and sweetcorn, to attract the carp.

4. Perch

Perch are a common fish species found in the UK. They can grow up to 50cm in length and are found in rivers, canals, and ponds across the country. Perch are known for their distinctive appearance, with greenish-brown scales and a red-orange belly. They are predatory fish and eat a variety of different foods, including fish, insects, and crustaceans.

Characteristics of Perch

  • Color: Greenish-brown with Red-orange Belly
  • Size: Up to 50cm
  • Diet: Fish, Insects, and Crustaceans
  • Habitat: Rivers, Canals, and Ponds
  • Behavior: Predatory

Where to Catch Perch

Perch are found in rivers, canals, and ponds across the UK. Some of the best places to catch them include the River Thames in London, the Kennet and Avon Canal in Wiltshire, and the Norfolk Broads in East Anglia.

Techniques for Catching Perch

The best techniques for catching perch include spinning, jigging, and bait fishing. Spinning involves using a spinning rod and reel with a lure or spinner attached to the end of the line. Jigging involves using a weighted jig head with a soft plastic bait attached to it. Bait fishing involves using live or dead bait, such as worms or small fish, to attract the perch.

5. Pike

Pike are a predatory fish species found in the UK. They can grow up to 1.5 meters in length and are found in rivers, lakes, and canals across the country. Pike are known for their aggressive behavior and are often referred to as “water wolves”. They are predatory fish and eat a variety of different foods, including fish, insects, and crustaceans.

Characteristics of Pike

  • Color: Olive-green with Yellow Spots
  • Size: Up to 1.5 Meters
  • Diet: Fish, Insects, and Crustaceans
  • Habitat: Rivers, Lakes, and Canals
  • Behavior: Predatory

Where to Catch Pike

Pike are found in rivers, lakes, and canals across the UK. Some of the best places to catch them include the Norfolk Broads in East Anglia, the River Thames in London, and the Lake District in Cumbria.

Techniques for Catching Pike

The best techniques for catching pike include lure fishing, dead baiting, and live baiting. Lure fishing involves using a variety of different lures, including plugs, spinners, and spoons, to attract the pike. Dead baiting involves using a dead fish, such as a roach or a herring, to attract the pike. Live baiting involves using live fish, such as a gudgeon or a minnow, to attract the pike.

6. Rainbow Trout

Rainbow trout are a popular fish species in the UK. They are found in rivers and lakes across the country and can grow up to 80cm in length. Rainbow trout have a distinctive appearance, with silver scales and a pinkish-red stripe along their sides. They are omnivores and eat a variety of different foods, including insects, fish, and crustaceans.

Characteristics of Rainbow Trout

  • Color: Silver with Pinkish-red Stripe
  • Size: Up to 80cm
  • Diet: Insects, Fish, and Crustaceans
  • Habitat: Rivers and Lakes
  • Behavior: Migratory

Where to Catch Rainbow Trout

Rainbow trout are