Aquarium Fish Species: A Guide to Choosing and Caring for Your Fish


Sobat Penurut, have you ever considered having an aquarium in your home? Aquariums are not only beautiful and relaxing to watch, but they also provide numerous health benefits such as reducing stress and lowering blood pressure. However, choosing the right fish for your aquarium can be a daunting task. In this article, we will guide you through the process of selecting and caring for your aquarium fish species.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Fish for Your Aquarium

Di era digital saat ini, it is easy to get overwhelmed with the vast selection of fish available for your aquarium. However, choosing the wrong fish can lead to numerous problems such as aggressive behavior, poor water quality, and even death. Therefore, it is crucial to choose the right species that are compatible with each other and your aquarium setup.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Aquarium Fish Species

When choosing fish for your aquarium, there are several factors that you should consider such as:

  • The size of your aquarium
  • The water parameters of your aquarium
  • The temperament and compatibility of the fish
  • The amount of care required for the fish

The Different Types of Aquarium Fish Species

There are many different types of fish that are suitable for aquariums, and each has its unique characteristics and requirements. Some of the most popular aquarium fish species include:

  • Tetras
  • Guppies
  • Angelfish
  • Discus
  • Gouramis
  • Cichlids
  • Goldfish

Choosing Fish Based on Aquarium Size

The size of your aquarium will determine the number and type of fish that you can keep. It is recommended that you have at least 1 gallon of water per inch of fish, and the aquarium should be large enough to provide adequate swimming space for the fish.

Choosing Fish Based on Water Parameters

The water parameters of your aquarium, such as pH, temperature, and hardness, will determine the type of fish that can survive in your aquarium. Make sure to research the water requirements of the fish you are interested in before purchasing them.

Choosing Fish Based on Temperament and Compatibility

It is crucial to choose fish that are compatible with each other and have similar temperaments. Aggressive fish should not be kept with peaceful fish, and some fish species may require a specific hierarchy within the aquarium.

Caring for Your Aquarium Fish Species

Proper care is essential to the health and longevity of your aquarium fish. Some tips for caring for your fish include:

  • Feeding them a balanced diet
  • Providing adequate swimming space and hiding spots
  • Maintaining proper water quality
  • Performing regular water changes
  • Monitoring their behavior and health

Aquarium Fish Species Table

Species Temperament Size Water Parameters Care Level
Tetras Peaceful 1-3 inches pH 6.0-8.0, 72-82°F Easy
Guppies Peaceful 1-2 inches pH 7.0-8.0, 74-82°F Easy
Angelfish Semi-aggressive 6 inches pH 6.5-7.5, 75-82°F Moderate
Discus Peaceful 8-10 inches pH 6.0-7.5, 82-86°F Difficult
Gouramis Peaceful 3-6 inches pH 6.0-8.0, 72-82°F Easy
Cichlids Aggressive 3-12 inches pH 7.0-8.0, 76-82°F Moderate
Goldfish Peaceful 6-18 inches pH 7.0-8.0, 65-75°F Easy

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can I keep different types of fish in the same aquarium?

Yes, you can keep different types of fish in the same aquarium as long as they are compatible with each other.

2. How often should I feed my fish?

It is recommended to feed your fish small amounts 2-3 times a day.

3. What is the ideal temperature for an aquarium?

The ideal temperature for most aquarium fish is between 72-82°F.

4. How often should I perform water changes?

It is recommended to perform a 25% water change every 2-4 weeks.

5. Can I keep aquarium fish in a bowl?

No, aquarium fish require a proper setup with filtration, aeration, and adequate swimming space.

6. Can I keep saltwater fish in a freshwater aquarium?

No, saltwater fish require a specific setup with appropriate salinity levels.

7. How do I know if my fish is sick?

Signs of a sick fish may include lethargy, loss of appetite, abnormal behavior, and physical abnormalities.

8. How do I acclimate my fish to the aquarium?

It is recommended to float the bag of fish in the aquarium for 15-20 minutes to acclimate them to the temperature and water chemistry before releasing them into the aquarium.

9. Can I keep live plants in my aquarium?

Yes, live plants can provide numerous benefits to your aquarium such as improving water quality and providing hiding spots for fish.

10. Can I keep aquarium fish with other pets such as cats or dogs?

No, aquarium fish should be kept in a separate area away from other pets.

11. How do I clean my aquarium?

You can clean your aquarium by performing regular water changes, cleaning the filter, and removing any debris or uneaten food.

12. How do I maintain proper water quality in my aquarium?

You can maintain proper water quality by regularly testing the water parameters and performing necessary water changes and maintenance.

13. What should I do if my fish become aggressive?

If your fish become aggressive, you may need to separate them or consider adding more hiding spots and decorations to the aquarium.


Nah, now you have a better understanding of how to choose and care for your aquarium fish species. Remember to research the specific requirements of each fish species and provide them with the proper care and environment. By following these tips, you can create a beautiful and healthy aquarium that you can enjoy for years to come.

So, what are you waiting for? Start creating your own aquarium today and experience the benefits of having these beautiful creatures in your home.


The information in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as professional advice. Always consult with a veterinarian or experienced aquarium professional for specific advice on caring for your aquarium fish species.